Four-toed Salamander - Hemidactylium scutatum

Four-toed Salamander

*The colored areas of the map above represent parishes with currently known records for the given species
 (Source: Jeff Boundy, LA Dept. of Wildlife and Fisheries). By no means does it represent the full range of the species in the state, nor does it necessarily mean that a species can be found throughout the parish with the record. This is provided as a guide to where you might be able to find these species in the state and to aid in identification. A descriptive explanation of the range of each species can be found in the text below.

Other Common Names: 

Subspecies: No subspecies recognized.


Similar Species: 

Species Range: 

Louisiana Range:  Known only from a few records from Ascension Parish and the Florida Parishes of West Baton Rouge, West Feliciana, and St. Tammany Parish.


Natural History: 

Best Time and Place to Observe:

Global Conservation Status:  Four-toed Salamanders have a relatively wide distribution in eastern North America and a presumed large population, and thus, are listed as Least Concern by the IUCN Red List. Their NatureServe Global Conservation Status Rank is G5 (Secure).

Federal Conservation Status:  None

Louisiana Conservation Status:  Four-toed Salamanders have a ranking of S1 (critically imperiled because of extreme rarity – 5 or fewer known extant populations) in Louisiana.

*** If you live in the range of this species in Louisiana and believe you may have observed this species please let me know (take a picture if possible), as there may be more unknown populations in the state.***

Author's Remarks: I saw a couple individuals, a male under a log and a female on eggs under sphagnum (and another unattended egg mass) in early 2016 in Louisiana. Only a few known populations are extant in the state. I have found this species only a couple of times before this in middle Tennessee.

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