Gulf Coast Toad - Incilius nebulifer


*The colored areas of the map above represent parishes with currently known records for the given species
 (Source: Jeff Boundy, LA Dept. of Wildlife and Fisheries). By no means does it represent the full range of the species in the state, nor does it necessarily mean that a species can be found throughout the parish with the record. This is provided as a guide to where you might be able to find these species in the state and to aid in identification. A descriptive explanation of the range of each species can be found in the text below.

Other Common Names: 

Subspecies:  No subspecies recognized.


Similar Species: 

Species Range:  The Gulf Coast Toad is found in extreme southern Mississippi westward to east central and southern Texas, through Mexico, and south to Costa Rica. Disjunct populations occur along the Arkansas-Louisiana border as well as the Big Bend region of Texas.

Louisiana Range:  The southern half of the state, with disjunct populations in the northeastern Louisiana parishes of Morehouse and Richland.


Natural History: 

Call: The advertisement call of the male Gulf Coast Toad is a series of low-pitched trills lasting 2-6 seconds each. Many males will come together in a breeding chorus and call while floating or sitting in shallow water or sitting at the water’s edge. 

Best Time and Place to Observe:

Global Conservation Status:  Gulf Coast Toads have a relatively wide distribution in the south-central United States and Mexico, a presumed large population, and tolerate a broad range of habitats, and thus, are listed as Least Concern by the IUCN Red List. Their NatureServe Global Conservation Status Rank is G5 (Secure).

Federal Conservation Status:  None

Louisiana Conservation Status:  Gulf Coast Toads do not have any special status in Louisiana.

Author's Remarks:  This is a very common toad in suburban and urban areas in southern Louisiana. It is often seen on porches, patios, and driveways at night. It can also be found in more natural habitats.

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