Amphibians and Reptiles of Louisiana

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2015 Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Louisiana (PDF)

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Class Amphibia

Order Anura (Frogs and Toads)

E registry will be followed twice yearly. The registry will provide (1) information on patients referred for end-stage emphysema, (2) data on the outcome of these patients; (3) a source of patients for randomization, and (4) allow comparison of patients who are randomized to the larger pool of patients with end stage emphysema. cheap online generic viagra Patients meeting eligibility requirements will be randomized to receive either maximal medical therapy or maximal medical therapy with lvrs. viagra for sale Lvrs will be performed by median sternotomy or by bilateral video-assisted thorascopic surgery (vats) with excision of 20 to 30 percent of each lung. Centers will apply to randomize to either (a) medical therapy versus medical therapy with lvrs by median sternotomy, (b) medical therapy versus medical therapy with lvrs by bilateral vats or (c) medical therapy versus medical therapy with lvrs by median sternotomy versus medical therapy with lvrs by bilateral vats. Maximum medical therapy will include pulmonary rehabilitation and education. End-points will include exercise ability, pulmonary function, quality of life, morbidity and mortality. The study population will consist of two hundred patients recruited into each arm of the three arm trial comparing surgery a versus surgery b versus medical therapy. An additional 495 patients will be recruited into each of two arms among clinical centers performing only one kind of surgery and medical treatment. This will require a total of 2580 participants in the three armed and two arm trials combined. The hcfa will pay all allowable clinical costs for its beneficiaries. viagra 50mg pill Inquiries this is not an rfp. Rfp nhlbi-hr-97-02 will be available on or about june 3, 1996, with proposals due on or about august 5, 1996. viagra 50mg pill Award of a contract for this study will be made only to offerors located in the united states of america. viagra de eli lilly The rfp will be available on the nih gopher. viagra 50mg pill Access via the nih website ( at the nih home page select "grants & contracts" then select "r&d requests for proposals (rfp)". Offerors that have access to the nih gopher server can access the rfp by pointing your gopher client to gopher. what does viagra 100 mg do Nih. Gov/. buy viagra online Select "grant and research information", then select "r&d request for proposals (rfp)". cheap viagra for sale The rfp may also be obtained by writing to: joanne c. buy viagra overnight delivery Deschler hlvd contracts section national heart, lung, and blood institute 6701 rockledge drive, msc 7902 bethesda, md 20892. Return to 1996 index return to. viagra 2.5mg side effects Order Caudata (Salamanders)

Class Reptilia

Order Crocodilia (Alligators and Crocodiles)

Order Squamata: Suborder Lacertilia (Lizards)

Order Squamata: Suborder Serpentes (Snakes)

Order Testudines (Turtles)

*All scientific and standard English names in these lists are the names recognized by Crother (2012) for the full species. For subspecies information, click on the individual links to the species of interest. For example, in Louisiana, we have the Eastern American Toad (Anaxyrus americanus americanus). However, on the lists as well as the names on the parish record maps there will be just American Toad (Anaxyrus americanus).

Crother (2008) states that it is difficult to discern what subspecies to place our introduced Brown Anole, Anolis sagrei, as there is evidence of multiple introductions from Cuba and perhaps the Bahamas. I have chosen to not assign a subspecies until there is further clarification.

Although some sources may include the Texas Horned Lizard, Phrynosoma cornutum, in the native fauna of Louisiana, I have chosen not to do so here. Due to the popularity of the species in the pet trade, it is frequently released well outside its native range, especially in large urban areas, and is likely the explanation behind the Louisiana records (Dundee and Rossman 1989). If an established population is found within the state, I will then include the species in this checklist like I have other introduced species.

Dundee and Rossman (1989) included the Alabama Map Turtle (Graptemys pulchra) as native to Louisiana in the eastern Florida Parishes. However, recent research has shown that the formerly reported range reflects a complex of several species largely confined to distinct river catchments (Moulis 2009). The Alabama Map Turtle is thus no longer recognized as native to Louisiana, and is confined to Alabama and extreme northwestern Georgia.

The Pascagoula Map Turtle (Graptemys gibbonsi) was formerly recognized as occurring within the Pearl River drainage basin of Louisiana. However, Ennen et al. (2010) concluded based on genetic and morphological evidence that this form was different enough from the populations in the Pascagoula River drainage basin of Mississippi to warrant its own species. Thus, the new name they proposed was the Pearl River Map Turtle, Graptemys pearlensis. Therefore, this new species is recognized as native to the state and the Pascagoula Map Turtle is no longer recognized as being a resident of Louisiana.

Literature Cited

Crother, B. I. 2012. Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles
          of North America North of Mexico, pp. 1-101. SSAR Herpetological Circular 39.

Dundee, H. A., and D. A. Rossman. 1989. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Louisiana.
          Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge.

Ennen, J.R., J.E. Lovich, B.R. Kreiser, W. Selman, and C.P. Qualls. 2010. Genetic and
          morphological variation between populations of the Pascagoula Map Turtle (Graptemys
) in the Pearl and Pascagoula Rivers with a description of a new species. 
          Chelonian Conservation and Biology 9:98-113.

Moulis, R. A. 2008. Alabama Map Turtle, Graptemys pulchra. Pp. 48-484.In:Jensen, J. B., C. 
          D. Camp, W. Gibbons, and M. J. Elliott (eds.). Amphibians and Reptiles of Georgia. 
          University of Georgia Press, Athens.

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